Munich is the capital and largest city of the state of Bavaria, on the banks of river Isar north of the Bavarian Alps. It is the third largest city in Germany, after Berlin und Hamburg, with a population of around 1,5 Million on 405 km². According to economic criteria, Munich is considered a metropolis.
The name of the city is derived from old high-german and means “by the monks”. Starting 1255, the city was seat of the bavarian dukes and would later become the sole capital of the state. Catholic Munich soon became a cultural stronghold. During the Thirty Years' War, Munich remained largely intact and unharmed.
Due to its historical development, Munich has been a centre for art, culture and science since the 19. century. The city became the Nazi movement's infamous “Capital of the movement”, and, following post-war reconstruction, hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics.
Nowadays, Munich is a traffic hub with fast, reliable international, as well as national and local, connections. The city is a centre for finance, publishing and advanced technology. It is one the wealthiest and fastest-growing cities in Germany and home to numerous corporations and insurance companies. In 2013, Munich was ranked to be the “world's most livable city” with the highest quality of life. The cities slogan “München mag dich” translates to “Munich likes you” and is one of the most popular tourist destinations, especially during times of the yearly Oktoberfest.
Regardless of wether it is Spring, Summer, Autumn oder Winter: The English Garden is symbolic for munich way of life. For 225 years, visitors have come here to stroll around the vast park area, enjoy the beautiful view from the Monopteros, to visit the house at the Kleinhesseloher See or the Chinese Tower, or simply to watch surfers at the Eisbachwelle.
The Oktoberfest is the worlds largest, yearly fair. It last 16 days, ending on the first Weekend in October, and is visited every year by more than 6 million people from all around the world.
This is where Munich's history and present meets: The Marienplatz is the famous centre of the bavarian capital. Wether it be a glockenspiel or a city festival – there is always something going on around the Marian column.